Williams Crates, OP 26522, August 18, 1896, ink, photographs, cards, 5.875 x 6.5 inches
A.M. Beatty, Bertillon Officer (n.d.)
Collection of the Ohio History Connection
DescriptionWilliam and Charles Crates are twins who were both convicted and sentenced to three years at the Ohio Penitentiary on counts of burglary and receiving stolen property in Allen County, Ohio. The Crates were both employed as painters at the time of their arrest. Written in pencil on the upper card, one can see that William Crates was marked as received on April 1, 1895 and then paroled on September 2, 1896. This is one of the best known pieces of evidence to suggest measurement did not always take place upon arrival at the prison. In this case, it would appear that the twins were measured a full 18 months after arrival. It is not known if his brother received a similar parole.
Comparing the measurements of these two men reveals that only that left little finger was the same size. Indeed they were of strikingly different heights, differing by 8.6cm. It is also to be noted that Mr. Beatty, the Bertillon Officer in charge of these measurements, was not a complete adherent to Bertillon’s method. The “Marks, Scars, and Moles” section on the back is more like an essay than a brief, encoded list.
Researchers: Alison Langmead and Aisling Quigley